201945 Ballast exchange leads to unexpected inflow

23 Jun 2019 MARS 2019

Edited from official ATSB (Australia) report 340-MO-2018-003

A self-unloading cement carrier was underway in ballast. The OOW began a routine ballast water exchange as required under the ship’s ballast water management plan, using the ballast control panel in the wheelhouse. Additional assistance was provided by the duty rating who operated manual ballast valves, sounded tanks and removed tank access covers in various locations around the ship.

The OOW and the duty rating used handheld UHF radios to communicate with each other and verify the valve status. At one point, the OOW contacted the duty rating and asked that the two after peak manually operated valves be closed. This action was not
carried out. The OOW did not confirm with the rating that the message had been received and actioned, so he was unaware that these valves had not been closed.

As the ballast exchange continued, an engine room alarm (aft bilge well high level) activated and the engineer of the watch (EOW)
responded. He noticed water flowing over the doorstep through the open steering gear room door. This water drained to the aft engine room bilge, activating the alarm. The EOW discovered the water was coming from a scupper pipe in the steering gear room. He noted that it was salt water but could not find an obvious source in the adjacent spaces.

The ballasting operations were stopped and tanks sounded. Water levels in the after peak tank were found to be higher than normal and an investigation found both valves to this tank to be open instead of closed. Continuing investigations then found water coming up the drain in the CO2 room, a space located on the deck above and atop the starboard side of the steering flat.

A tank entry and inspection of the after peak tank found a hole in the scupper line from the CO2 room on the outboard side of the pipe just below the tank top. The tank was rarely filled to a depth which covered the holed section of pipe. However, when the starboard ballast tank was full to overflowing, the open valves to the after peak tank allowed this tank to fill as well. As the tank neared full, water covered the hole in the pipe, drained into the steering gear room bilge well and overflowed.

Following this incident, procedures were amended to require the OOW to keep a log of all manual valve operations. Ballasting of the after peak tank was to be conducted only during daylight hours. In addition, a status tracking board was made for the manual valves with moveable pegs showing the status of each valve.

The findings of the official report included:

  • The after peak tank filled to a level sufficient for water to leak into the holed scupper line within the tank and drain into the steering gear room bilge well. This overflowed and flooded the steering gear room.
  • There was no structured or formalised system to track the status of manually operated valves in the ballast system. Thus, there was no record at the ballast control panel to show the status of the valves when closure of the after peak valves was not actioned or confirmed.

Lessons learned

  • Although ballast water exchange may seem a mundane, everyday task, taking in and exchanging large quantities of seawater can have serious consequences if something is not right.
  • Use closed-loop communications for safer operations.